Uni-Logo
Sie sind hier: Startseite Abstracts Second messenger-mediated tactile response by a bacterial rotary motor
Artikelaktionen

Second messenger-mediated tactile response by a bacterial rotary motor

I. Hug, S. Deshpande, K. S. Sprecher, T. Pfohl, U. Jenal, Science 358 (2017) 531-534

When bacteria encounter surfaces, they respond with surface colonization and virulence induction. The mechanisms of bacterial mechanosensation and downstream signaling remain poorly understood. Here, we describe a tactile sensing cascade in Caulobacter crescentus in which the flagellar motor acts as sensor. Surface-induced motor interference stimulated the production of the second messenger cyclic diguanylate by the motorassociated diguanylate cyclase DgcB. This led to the allosteric activation of the glycosyltransferase HfsJ to promote rapid synthesis of a polysaccharide adhesin and surface anchoring. Although the membrane-embedded motor unit was essential for surface sensing, mutants that lack external flagellar structures were hypersensitive to mechanical stimuli. Thus, the bacterial flagellar motor acts as a tetherless sensor reminiscent of mechanosensitive channels.

Links
Benutzerspezifische Werkzeuge